Tuesday, December 18, 2018

Phillip Elden Answers Questions on Endangered Species

Phillip Elden
What characteristics define an endangered species? Phillip Elden answers that question and more in the following brief Q & A.

Q: What is the Endangered Species Act?

Phillip Elden: The Endangered Species Act was established in 1973 and serves to protect endangered animals as well as their habitats. The law mandates that conservation programs be created when a population is deemed critical. Further, it allows for governing bodies to acquire land or aquatic habitats for the purposes of protecting and increasing the populations of threatened species.

Wednesday, October 17, 2018

Phillip Elden on Underground Animals

Phillip Elden
Much focus has been put on conserving lakes, rivers, forests, and mountains.But Phillip Elden says these efforts must also extend underground. Keep reading as the Oregon-based conservation specialist digs deep for animals that live underground.


The earthworm is perhaps the best known ground-dwelling creature in existence. Although there are numerous species of earthworm, they all live primarily underground in moist soil with plenty of decaying vegetation. Earthworms are best found in the shade of forest canopy, especially in warm climates, says Phillip Elden. However, they are also in abundance near freshwater sources and can live their entire life underground.

Monday, October 8, 2018

Phillip Elden | Zoos that Made a Difference

Phillip Elden
People often mistakenly believe that these exist solely to make a profit. Conservationist Phillip Elden says nothing could be further from the truth and that zoos make more than money...they make a difference in the lives of the animals they showcase.

The most prolific way zoos impact animal species is by saving endangered breeds from extinction. At the Phoenix Zoo, for example, the Arabian Oryx, a once hunted and extinct creature, was revitalized thanks to captive-bred animals and tireless efforts put forth by zoo staff and global conservationist. Today, there are more than 1000 this captivating creature, which was upgraded from extinct to endangered and then to threatened, which is an impressive feat for an animal thought lost forever.

Phillip Elden also uses the Lincoln Park Zoo in Chicago as a shining example of how zoos protect species. Around 40 years ago, there were only 13 Puerto Rican parrots known to exist. These avian beauties, which are particularly vulnerable during hurricane season, were on the rise with nearly 50 wild parrots in 1989. A devastating hurricane wiped out more than half the population when Lincoln Park Zoo stepped in. Now there are more than 260 Puerto Rican parrots – more than five dozen of which are out of captivity.

Thursday, March 22, 2018

Phillip Elden on the Opossum

The opossum, or colloquially, ‘possum, is a small mammal native to North America, explains Phillip Elden. However, it made its arrival in the Pacific Northwest and specifically Oregon sometime in the early 20th century. Its introduction to the area was most likely the result of people keeping the animals as pets and inadvertently releasing them into the wild.

The opossum is an adaptable creature and can make use of many types of resources. They can eat virtually anything and have very little problem disturbing a garden or trash can, says Phillip Elden. Unfortunately, they are often considered a nuisance by homeowners who may be intimidated by this creature’s reputation for self-defense.

Phillip Elden explains that as adaptable as the opossum is, it has numerous predators to fear. This includes owls, bobcats, and coyotes. The opossum’s first line of defense is its ability to play dead. It does this by lying stiffen and motionless and excreting a foul-smelling substance from their anal glands, which tells potential predators that their dinner has gone bad. This is where the term “playing possum” comes from.

Monday, February 12, 2018

Phillip Elden On the History of His Home State

Phillip Elden
Conservationist Phillip Elden explains that Oregon is home to thousands of species of land and aquatic animals. Here, Elden opens up about Oregon’s geologic history, which has shaped and remolded the layout of the land and its diverse biohabitats since the dawn of time.

Q: The Columbia River Gorge is habitat for many species. How was it formed?

Phillip Elden: The Columbia River Gorge came to be between 700,000 and 2 million years ago, in the last Ice Age during the Pleistocene era. It was formed when the Columbia River begin to notch its way through the Cascade Range. It’s important to note that the Columbia River experienced extreme flooding during this time.

Wednesday, November 22, 2017

Phillip Elden | Land Trusts

Phillip Elden
Throughout Oregon, there are a number of programs that help protect and preserve local wildlife. Here, conservationist Phillip Elden answers frequently asked questions about land trusts.

Q: What is a land trust?

Phillip Elden: A land trust is a charitable organization with the mission to preserve and protect specific areas of land and the flora and fauna that inhabit it. They are established with a mission to protect land in perpetuity and work with local wildlife management agencies, watershed councils, landowners, and farmers to maintain the state’s economic and natural heritage.

Friday, January 20, 2017

Fire a Force That Knows No Bounds, Says Phillip Elden

According to wildlife and forest conservationist Phillip Elden, the best way to prevent forest fires is to thin the land with controlled combustions. Though it may seem counterproductive, organized burning practices not only eliminate fuel for wildfires, but also makes the forest healthier from the ground up.

It is not enough, however, to simply treat Forest Service land, says Phillip Elden. Private land and other public acreage must be thinned as well. It is only with cross-boundary work that the most widespread forest fires can be contained or prevented.